Builder options

Advanced options applied when writing the generated code

The moor_generator package has some options that control how the code is generated. Note that, in most cases, the default settings should be sufficient. See the section on recommended settings below.

To use the options, create a build.yaml file in the root of your project (e.g. next to your pubspec.yaml):

# build.yaml. This file is quite powerful, see https://pub.dev/packages/build_config

targets:
  $default:
    builders:
      moor_generator:
        options:
          compact_query_methods: true

Available options

At the moment, moor supports these options:

  • write_from_json_string_constructor: boolean. Adds a .fromJsonString factory constructor to generated data classes. By default, we only write a .fromJson constructor that takes a Map<String, dynamic>.
  • override_hash_and_equals_in_result_sets: boolean. When moor generates another class to hold the result of generated select queries, this flag controls whether moor should override operator == and hashCode in those classes. In recent versions, it will also override toString if this option is enabled.
  • compact_query_methods (defaults to true): For queries declared on a @UseMoor or @UseDao annotation, moor used to generate three methods: A base method returning a Selectable and then two helper methods returning a Stream or a Future. As the Selectable class contains its own methods to convert it to a Stream and Future, the two later methods only exist for backwards compatibility. When this flag is enabled, moor won’t write them at all. This flag is enabled by default in moor 3.0, but it can still be disabled.
  • skip_verification_code: Generated tables contain a significant chunk of code to verify integrity of inserted data and report detailed errors when the integrity is violated. If you’re only using inserts with SQL, or don’t need this functionality, enabling this flag can help to reduce the amount generated code.
  • use_data_class_name_for_companions: By default, the name for companion classes is based on the table name (e.g. a @DataClassName('Users') class UsersTable extends Table would generate a UsersTableCompanion). With this option, the name is based on the data class (so UsersCompanion in this case).
  • use_column_name_as_json_key_when_defined_in_moor_file (defaults to true): When serializing columns declared inside a .moor file from and to json, use their sql name instead of the generated Dart getter name (so a column named user_name would also use user_name as a json key instead of userName). You can always override the json key by using a JSON KEY column constraint (e.g. user_name VARCHAR NOT NULL JSON KEY userName)
  • generate_connect_constructor: Generate necessary code to support the isolate runtime. This is a build option because isolates are still experimental. This will be the default option eventually.
  • sqlite_modules: This list can be used to enable sqlite extensions, like those for json or full-text search. Modules have to be enabled explicitly because they’re not supported on all platforms. See the following section for details.
  • eagerly_load_dart_ast: Moor’s builder will load the resolved AST whenever it encounters a Dart file, instead of lazily when it reads a table. This is used to investigate rare builder crashes.
  • legacy_type_inference: Use the old type inference from moor 1 and 2. Note that use_experimental_inference is now the default and no longer exists. If you’re using this flag, please open an issue and explain how the new inference isn’t working for you, thanks!
  • data_class_to_companions (defaults to true): Controls whether moor will write the toCompanion method in generated data classes.
  • mutable_classes (defaults to false): The fields generated in generated data, companion and result set classes are final by default. You can make them mutable by setting mutable_classes: true.
  • raw_result_set_data: The generator will expose the underlying QueryRow for generated result set classes
  • apply_converters_on_variables: Applies type converters to variables in compiled statements.

Available extensions

Note: This enables extensions in the analyzer for custom queries only. For instance, when the json1 extension is enabled, the json functions can be used in moor files. This doesn’t necessarily mean that those functions are supported at runtime! Both extensions are available on iOS 11 or later. On Android, they’re only available when using moor_ffi. See our docs for more details on them.

targets:
  $default:
    builders:
      moor_generator:
        options:
          sqlite_modules:
            - json1
            - fts5
            - moor_ffi

We currently support the following extensions:

  • json1: Support static analysis for json_ functions in moor files
  • fts5: Support CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE statements for fts5 tables and the MATCH operator. Functions like highlight or bm25 are available as well.
  • moor_ffi: Enables support for functions that are only available when using moor_ffi. This contains pow, sqrt and a variety of trigonometric functions. Details on those functions are available here.

In general, we recommend using the default options. However, some options will be enabled by default in a future moor release. At the moment, they’re opt-in to not break existing users. These options are:

  • apply_converters_on_variables

We recommend enabling these options.

You can disable some default moor features and reduce the amount of generated code with the following options:

  • skip_verification_code: true: You can remove a significant portion of generated code with this option. The downside is that error messages when inserting invalid data will be less specific.
  • data_class_to_companions: false: Don’t generate the toCompanion method on data classes. If you don’t need that method, you can disable this option.

Using moor classes in other builders

Starting with moor 2.4, it’s possible to use classes generated by moor in other builders.

Due to technicalities related to Dart’s build system and source_gen, this approach requires a custom configuration and minor code changes. Put this content in a file called build.yaml next to your pubspec.yaml:

targets:
  $default:
    builders:
      # disable the default generator and enable the one emitting a .moor.dart file
      moor_generator:
        enabled: false
      moor_generator|moor_generator_not_shared:
        enabled: true
        # If needed, you can configure the builder like this:
        # options:
        #   skip_verification_code: true
        #   use_experimental_inference: true

      # Run built_value_generator when moor is done, which is not in this target.
      built_value_generator|built_value:
        enabled: false
      # all other builders that need to work on moor classes should be disabled here
      # as well
  
  run_built_value:
    dependencies: ['your_package_name']
    builders:
      # Disable moor builders. By default, those would run on each target
      moor_generator:
        enabled: false
      moor_generator|preparing_builder:
        enabled: false
      # we don't need to disable moor_generator_not_shared, because it's disabled by default

In all files that use generated moor code, you’ll have to replace part 'filename.g.dart' with part 'filename.moor.dart'. If you use moor and another builder in the same file, you’ll need both .g.dart and .moor.dart as part-files.

A full example is available as part of the moor repo.

If you run into any problems with this approach, feel free to open an issue on moor. At the moment, a known issue is that other builders can emit a warning about missing part statements in the .moor.dart file generated by moor. This shouldn’t affect the generated code and has been reported here.

The technicalities, explained

Almost all code generation packages use a so called “shared part file” approach provided by source_gen. It’s a common protocol that allows unrelated builders to write into the same .g.dart file. For this to work, each builder first writes a .part file with its name. For instance, if you used moor and built_value in the same project, those part files could be called .moor.part and .built_value.part. Later, the common source_gen package would merge the part files into a single .g.dart file.

This works great for most use cases, but a downside is that each builder can’t see the final .g.dart file, or use any classes or methods defined in it. To fix that, moor offers an optional builder - moor_generator|moor_generator_not_shared - that will generate a separate part file only containing code generated by moor. So most of the work resolves around disabling the default generator of moor and use the non-shared generator instead.

Finally, we need to the build system to run moor first, and all the other builders otherwise. This is why we split the builders up into multiple targets. The first target will only run moor, the second target has a dependency on the first one and will run all the other builders.